Executive The president is the head of state, chief executive of the federal government, and commander-in-chief of the militaries. The vice president changes the president in case of absence, incapability, death, or resignation and likewise functions as the president of the senate.
The president is elected by certified majority. The vice president is selected by the president.
The supreme court is the highest court of law and functions as a last hope tribunal, its judgments can not be appealed. It likewise picks cases handling the analysis of the constitution.
The members of the supreme court are selected by the president with the arrangement of at least 2 thirds of today senate members.
The senate should present any changes to federal revenue sharing policies, ratify global treaties, approve modifications to constitutional or federal criminal laws, in addition to confirm or impeach presidential nominees to the cabinet, the judiciary, the armed forces, and the diplomatic corps. The chamber of deputies holds unique rights to impose taxes, draft soldiers, and to excuse the president, cabinet ministers, and members of the supreme court before the senate.
The senate has 72 members who are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system. The chamber of deputies has 257 members that are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.
Chamber of Deputies: 4 years; Senate: 6 years